Various revolutionary inventions in the auto industry and the large-scale production of affordable cars led to a large number of vehicles along the roads. However, with the increase in car production and consumption, concerns about car safety have come up in tandem. In addition to cost and quality measures, the safety and security of a vehicle are also considered of primary importance to its owner. People are now looking for a foolproof mechanism in their vehicles to grow up due to theft issues. However, having knowledge of the whereabouts of the vehicle increases your chances of recovery in many folds even after it has been stolen. To maintain awareness of all events associated with the vehicle, it is a good idea to equip the vehicle with a vehicle tracking. Vehicle tracking devices are invaluable tools for monitoring a single or even entire fleet of vehicles.

How does it work

Vehicle tracking is generally accomplished through installed tracking hardware that records the speed, location, and direction of the vehicle. Tracking data is sent back to the user and then transformed into useful information through various mapping software applications and reporting tools. The owner can use this information to view the movement of the vehicle and related information.


Based on functionality, vehicle tracking systems are classified as active and passive systems. A passive system does not provide real-time information, but stores data such as GPS location, speed, and heading in the tracking unit. This data is collected for evaluation once the vehicle returns to a preset location. Passive vehicle tracking is generally used to verify driver activity such as route verification, billing, etc. An active tracking system is used to track more than one vehicle over the Internet in real time. It also provides the same data, but transmits it in real time over satellite or cellular networks to a computer or data center. Some monitoring systems have both active and passive monitoring facilities. A person must analyze their needs before deciding on passive or active follow-up.

Application areas

Vehicles are commonly tracked by commercial fleet operators to manage a fleet of vehicles and meet customer needs more efficiently. Fleet management functions, such as shipping, routing, and security, are performed through vehicle tracking. Urban transit agencies use this system to monitor bus schedules and to activate recorded announcements. This system can also monitor driver behavior. Vehicle tracking is also used as theft prevention and recovery of stolen vehicles. It can serve as a complement or alternative to the traditional car alarm. Through a tracking device, vehicles can also be tracked to monitor fuel and calculate the distance traveled by the vehicle.